Chapter 8: Athens
Socrates & Plato
- Acropolis, "citadel" - "the city on the hill"
- 1. Unique location: hill. overhead view down one of the best harbors
- 2. Sacred shrine: defeating of the Persian king Xerxes, rebuilding triggered the Golden Age of Athens
- Parthenon, "the Virgin's Place," Temple
- 1. Built in honor of Athene, the patron godess of Athens - 12-meter-high statue
- 2. Slightly curved structures to make the building appear less heavy
- Dionysos Theater - on the plateau
- 1. Tragedies of Aeschylus, Sophocies, Euripides, comedies of Socrates
- 2. Greek words: "skene," "theater"
- Areopagos - at the foot of the Acropolis
- 1. Athenian high court of justice
- The Agora - square in center
- 1. Center of public offices, shops, concert hall, large gymnastics building
- 2. The whole of European civilization was founded in this modest area
- 3. Sophisticated words
- Socrates held that a slave had the same common sense as a man of rank.
- Plato Asks:
- How does a baker bake fifty identical cookies?
- Why are all horses the same?
- Does man have an immortal soul?
- Are men and women equally sensible?
The Ancient City of Athens - a photographic archive of the archaeological and architectural remains of ancient Athens.