Chapter 14: Two Cultures
- Polytheism - the belief in many gods
- They lean toward a pholosophic or "speculative" view of the world
- Tried to predict the outcomes of battles between good and evil
- Most important sense was sight. They would make many pictures and
sculptures of their gods or mythical events.
- Cyclic view of history - there is no beginning and no end
- Hinduism and Buddhism are from Indo-European origin
- believed man can become one with God through religious insight
- believed in transmigration of soul or reincarnation
- Judaism, Christianity, and Islam all share a Sematic background
- Monotheism - beleif in one God
- Linear view of history - the beginning is when God created the world the end is Armageddon
- God intervenes in the course of history
- Hearing was the most important sense
- Semites are not supposed to make any images of God
- within Islam, people should not compete with God in "creating" anything
- Purpose is not to be released from cycle of rebirth, but to be redeemed from sin and blame
- God promised to hold Israel in hand, but the people had also promised to keep God's commandments
- Prophets preached that God would redeem a chosen few and sens a "Prince of Peace," a "Son of God" who would find the "Kingdom of God"
- Jesus of Nazareth came forward as the "Messiah" and a savior
- Handed out "remissions of sin"
- Preached "love thy neighbor as thyself", love our enemies, compassion for weak and poor, forgivness for those who err, etc
- Nobody can earn God's mercy
God's mercy is boundless but we must pray for forgivness
- Died on the cross because of his radical preachings and beliefs were at odds with many interests and power factors(like Socrates)
- Christians believe Jesus was the only righteous person to have ever lives because he saved humanity from God's wrath
- Beleived that Jesus had risen from his grave
- Man has no soul
- According to Christianity there is nothing to man that is immortal...BUT...they believe in the resurrection of the body and eternal life
- Responisble for the beginning of the spread of Christianity
- Paul believed that Christianity was a Jewish sect
- "Old Covenant" vs. "New Covenant"
- "All of us Christians"
- Jesus was both God and man